Down Syndrome, also referred
to as Trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder and the most common autosomal abnormality
in humans. Down Syndrome is the result of abnormal cell division in chromosome
21 were extra genetic material is made. This extra genetic material is responsible
for the physical characteristics and mental development of Down Syndrome. Most cases
of Down syndrome aren’t inherited, it’s simply caused by a mistake in cell division
in the early stages of the fetus. The incidence of down syndrome occurring is 1
in 700 live births around the world. Down syndrome is not related to nationality,
race, socio-economic status, or gender, the disorder affects many different
people around the world.