System Programs are
programs that are associated with the operating system but are not part of the
kernel. The kernel is a program that always runs in the computer. The system
programs are also called as system utilities. They provide a convenient
environment for program development and execution. System programs can be
generally divided into the following categories:

·     
File management

·     
Status information

·     
File modification

·     
Programming Language support

·     
Program Loading and execution

·     
Communications

·     
Background services