Canada the think-tank CentreForum. Immigration is going to

Canada is a socially diverse nation full of immigrants across the globe. As a result of the diversity, Canada is considered to be a “melting pot” of different cultures. Although Canada is a prosperous multicultural society, their economy still has much room to improve. Consequently, the Canadian government is seeking immigrants who will contribute to the Canadian economy positively. The percentage of immigrants working in the labour force is experiencing relative growth while the percentage of Canadian born workers has been decreasing. This informs us that the immigration rate must be increased for Canada to meet their ambition; a stronger economy. However, immigrating to Canada has become a burden for many applicants because of the points system. The issue at hand is that Canadians expect the economy to improve despite the immigration process being arduous. This leads to answering one question, what will Canada do to attract more suitable immigrants or worst come worst, will the Canadian government have to replace the points system? Khan 2 Job opportunities, higher quality of life, freedom/diversity, education, medical care and abundance of natural resources are all factors to why people desire to immigrate to Canada. Canadian immigration is based on the points system. To migrate to Canada successfully, a person requires to have a minimum of 67/100 points (see figure 1.1). Points are given based on 6 factors which include: language, education, experience, age, arranged employment in Canada and adaptability. Sixty-seven points may seem little but earning it can take many years for many of the applicants. The points system distinguishes the skilled workers and the other kinds of immigrants which the federal government is requiring. The system “prioritises broadly desirable human capital, rather than a specific job offer” according to the think-tank CentreForum. Immigration is going to be vital to Canada’s future economic growth. Less than 20% of the labour force (age 15+) in 2006 were immigrants, while more than 78% were people who were born in Canada. As of 2016, Statistics Canada shows us that 24% of the labour force are immigrants and 74% of the labour force are people who are born in Canada (see figure 1.2). The 2 measures are likely to come closer and closer in the forthcoming years as there is no implication showing us it will not. The rapidly ageing population and low birth rate are factors to why Canadian born workers drop out of the labour force. Immigration is going to lead to positive values for the Canadian economy as Jason Kenny, a Canadian politician in the PCAA quotes: “The reforms we’re making are designed to dramatically improve the economic outcome of newcomers and to help Canada’s productivity as our workforce shrinks and our population ages.” The points system integrates advantages such as newcomers receiving better job flexibility as Khan 3well as foreign workers being more purposeful for the economy. Nevertheless, there have been suggestions proposed to change the points system because while many people agree that it is an effective way of immigration, many people do not. “For too long, too many immigrants to Canada have experienced underemployment and unemployment, and this has been detrimental to these newcomers and to the Canadian economy”, said Jason Kenny. The major reason to why citizens, politicians, professors, etc. disagree with the points system is because of the number of points required. Sixty-seven points to immigrate to a country is very high for the majority of foreigners. Every year, approximately 250 000 applicants get accepted out of 745 890 people on average (see figure 1.3) showing us that the ratio of granted immigrants to applicants is very meager.  Likewise, another detrimental in the points system is that it can take very long for applicants to be granted immigration. Even though the points system “moved towards a more objective, transparent and efficient process of selecting skilled workers, the processing times remained long and the backlog increased”, quoted TTCF. It is shown from the ‘immigration, refugees and citizenship Canada’ (CIC) that it can take up to 84 months for immigration to be allotted. Not only foreigners are despising the system but also people amongst Canada: “In one word, it sucks,” said Jim Karygiannis. “It’s irresponsible. It’s certainly not representing the Liberal values.” Canada’s point system is an efficient method of immigration but in order to outright their ambition (solid economy), the Canadian government should start implying new guidelines and regulations to re-establish immigration. For instance, immigration policies should start to alter towards the economics so that Canadians can receive more people in the economic Khan 4class which will benefit their economy. It is expected that by 2031, ? of the labour force will be foreign-born. Canada should also decrease the number of points required to immigrate which will furthermore give a better chance for applicants to be granted. Immigrants do not only affect the Canadian economy but also bring together social cohesion which is what makes Canada a unified and appealing nation. Canada should most-definitely re-establish the points system as it will be a win-win situation for both, immigrants and Canada. Immigrants will have a higher chance of being granted immigration which will furthermore enhance the Canadian economy.