EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES USED BY THE HOLY CROSS OF BUNAWAN TEACHERSA Thesis ProposalSubmitted to the Faculty of Holy Cross of Bunawan IncorporatedBunawan, Davao CityIn Partial FulfillmentOf the Requirements forHumanities and Social Sciences Strand (HUMSS)byJOHN KENNETH S. DURANGODecember 2017CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION Every learner is all understood to be very different and as teachers, we should set that one as the basic concept to be predicted when we are called to teach. It is a very fundamental assumption to teach in the classroom we are in should be very interactive. It requires teaching strategies to know what the variables are for coaching, culture, achievements, and appropriate factors. Rosenshine and Frust (1973) reported that students learn best when the following characteristics are present: (1) variability in teaching methods and materials, (2) interest, (3) clarity, (4) task-oriented behaviour, (5) student opportunity to learn the material, (6) multiple levels of questions and (7) enthusiasm. In Yelon (1996, p.3) he promoted the ten powerful instructional principles that he believed excellent teachers apply which are: meaningfulness, prerequisite, open communication, organized essential ideas, learning aids, novelty, modeling, active appropriate practice, pleasant conditions and consequences, and consistency. Furthermore enables the power to think and solve a problem a problem should be a component of a well-designed instructional strategy, well-strategized teaching style, and its effectiveness. The kind of teaching in particular in secondary education is said to be more on problem solving and analyzation. According to Dyer and Osborne (1995), the learner’s problem-solving ability can be accelerated with the use of appropriate instructional approach such that for example in information and communication technology (ICT) education program provides a curriculum intended at serving individuals a sort of knowledge and skill in technological advancement. Newcomb et. al (1986) and Tyler (1969) concluded that the teaching strategy must base learning on inquiry, investigation, and critical study in situations in which genuine purposes, needs, and wants are experienced. For this concept, teachers and their teaching strategies are said to be a continuous topic in all educational ventures and settings. In the most recent observation and investigation of different researchers, the much apprehension uttered is all about the eminence teaching in various institutions, while on the other dimension industries are rapidly ravenous to seek a well-educated person in their place of work. This phenomenon has raised relevant concerns which led to the issue of quality teaching strategies and its effectiveness in all levels of education from kindergarten to college true to all institution. According to Carkhuff (1981), teaching is the opportunity to help others to build their lives and lives fully, which means we help to give our learners’ lives through physical, emotional, intellectual and social growth. Anderson (1994) concluded that students production profoundly depends on the teaching strategies especially teaching planning, teaching method selection, and having a variety of learning activities that would merely test the enthusiasm and interest of every learner. Students are understood to be raised with diverse backgrounds, experiences, and abilities. The effective teaching approach is not only dependent on teaching techniques or strategies or their effectiveness but hence, it also depends on an individual needs and adequacy of the content if they fully understand your delivered substance of the various topics. There is always a remote assumption that students can learn only with altered teaching styles, at a different speed of approach, diverse levels of injected prior knowledge and different environment or educational setting when the subject stuff is given by the way of an assortment of teaching strategies. There are still a lot of concern expressed about the quality and sharpen teaching in education. This kind of apprehension has led to focus on the viewpoint of excellent teaching strategies and its effectiveness in the educational institutions. The focal point of this study was to identify the teaching strategies used by the teachers in Holy Cross of Bunawan Inc. and determine its effectiveness.CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK The conceptual principle of this paper is to know what possible teaching strategies were being used by the educator as the facilitator of the classroom. Then on this concept will be introduced by the researcher to know the teaching factors such as teaching experience of the teacher to his/her profession, the qualification of the teacher if she is really fit in to the kind of subject he/she is assigned, age will also be considered to identify if that teacher is ready for retirement, gender also is exposed in this research to identify if there is gender distinction between the teacher who is facilitating the classroom and lastly, the workload of the teacher if he/she could finish the assigned task to his/her in a specific deadline this would rather answer the kind of performance that the students are possessing in his class. Actually, there are a lot of things that we need to conceptualized in this study but the researcher thinks that these kinds of factors will really hit the effectiveness of the teacher on how she/he deliver the topic clearly and precisely. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Every classroom setup would seemingly depend on every teacher. Without having good classroom supervision, motivation and disciplinary skills, teachers would probably cannot effectively deliver their lessons accurately. To all the teachers who wanted to become a good and an effective in our society today, they must know how to equip modern technology to improve instruction (Henson, 1988). It is very important to take that literature states that students will only obtain learning and achieve when competent teachers use well-structured teaching strategies, a variety of teaching methodologies and tools for learning and on how to use them effectively. It matters on how the teacher manages to deliver the good information and go about the lesson is an important area of inquiry which could probably lead to the development and improvement on the quality of teaching of an institution. This study also states the educational principles and methods in secondary teaching us needed to comprehend current practices. For that reason, this study as concerned with a review of teachers perception of selected teaching-learning ideology, teaching methods, and implements are used and their effectiveness in order to depict conclusions concerning the teaching-learning process and selecting suitable teaching strategies. Nevertheless, the particular problem of this study is the effectiveness of teaching styles or strategies of the teachers here in Holy Cross of Bunawan Inc. RESEARCH QUESTIONS Specifically, this study will deal with the following questions:1. What are the qualities of teachers that enable them to adopt the Framework for 21st Century Skills?2. What are the personal and/or professional obstacles from implementing 21st Century standards in the classroom?3. What are the obstacles of the teachers in making teaching strategies or planning within the classroom?4. What would be the possible teaching strategies of the teachers to effectively transmit the information from the students clearly?5. What are the hindrances for the teachers in achieving good and quality teaching strategies in the classroom?SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYThe study will furnish to the enhancement of education in Holy Cross of Bunawan not only in this study with sense but it can be for other universities/schools. With my optimism, I hope that this kind of research will give encouragement to the faculty administration and to the educators who will be drawn to this new emerging teaching methods, student-centered-approach- and adapt it as an effective learning strategy that would be beneficial to the students which are intended for this.The possible outcome that we can consider to this study is the upgrading student’s abilities in all components for technical and academic competencies to meet its said demand, student independence will be enhanced, sharpen the creative thinking and the level of the interface as well as it’s mutual aid that is geared to student and teachers. This proposed study will introduce on how effective teaching styles and instructional learning strategies help to the improvement and development of the students especially in interpreting and examining on a kind of inputs that the teacher is handling off. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY The main focus of this study is to identify the perceptions of teaching and learning, the latest usage of instructional methodology and tools and their expected effectiveness. A secondary reason why I study this one was I really want to determine the effectiveness of the teaching-learning style used by the teacher for her to deliver her lesson very well and clear.• To identify the effectiveness of the teaching styles of the teacher in Holy Cross of Bunawan.• To identify the insight of the teacher regarding the principles of teaching and learning of the teachers here in Holy Cross of Bunawan.The objective also considers on how to improve a method of coaching from teacher centered process to that we can have the student-centered process. There are basics principles used by the teacher such as cooperative learning which can be developed to this course.SCOPE AND DELIMITATION This study of effectiveness is limited only to 10 teachers including those who have advisory classes and the 46 students enrolled during this school year at the Holy Cross of Bunawan, The participants of this study would help me to determine the ideal principles of good teaching strategies should be used in the classrooms and how effective it is to make the lesson clear to the students.DEFINITION OF TERMSEffectiveness- According to Chevron (2009), it means clauses in bilateral investments treaties of asserting claims and enforcing rights in the field. Teaching Styles- the overall traits and qualities that a teacher displays in the classroom and that are consistent with various situations can be described as teaching style. (Conti, 1989, p.3)Learning Strategy- this can be defined as learners’ behaviors that are intended to “control and regulate their own cognition” and can be used for “the processing of information and control other resources besides their cognition” (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & Mckeachie, 1993, p. 802, 803). Teaching Strategies- are the methods or the techniques generated to help the students to achieve their desired goals and develop its content to have a fair result in the future.Teacher- this is someone who has the heart to put all his dedications in his passion teach. It is also the whom we can refer to especially if we have some inquiries regarding the specific learning instruction he/she has given.Student- is the one who is engaged in learning in an institution such as schools, universities, and colleges who examine, learn and interpret teachings.