introduces (Cash 2016, 704-705). Drone Incident 3 Over

introduces substantial
concerns that trouble both citizens and policymakers. It is no surprise that
the number of drone user will increase as drone becomes more accessible and
affordable (Cash 2016, 696). New and improvement types of the drone technology
is certainly going to create different approach involving human conflict and
competition. Increasing drone activity, especially when it is equipped with
camera, will certainly lead to legal issue such as, an operator violating an
individual’s right to privacy or safety. Social media like YouTube holds
hundreds of videos uploaded by drone owner, capturing everything from sports
events, DUI checkpoints, public beaches, and other public areas. The number of
videos available gives some indication what people are really doing with their
drones. An issue critic propose is that drone user will be able to use the
device to record people in their personal space. For example, a family reported a
drone was flying around their home as they were enjoying dinner on their patio.
The drone later crashed into a tree in their yard and the family were able to
retrieve a memory chip from the drone. Disturbingly the memory chip shows
photos of the family’s movement that afternoon, as well as photos from other
houses (Cash 2016, 704-705).

Drone Incident           

3

            Over the past several years, FAA have
recorded dramatic and dangerous surge in drone activity seen by aircraft
pilots. Research predicted by the end of 2016, there could be as many as three
million consumer drones flying in national airspace, increasing a serious
challenge and potentially threat to manned aircraft (U.S. Newswire 2016, 1). In
2015, the number of reported drone sightings increased from 238 to 650 in 2014.
Also in California 2015, firefighters wrestling with wildfires were enforced to
land their aircraft several occasions for safety measure after discovering
drones flying close-by. Drones interrupting manned aircraft that are putting
out wildfires can create destructive collisions for firefighters putting their life
more at risk. Often when drones are discovered above wildfires, aircraft task
are required to ground, which causes delay allowing the fires to diffuse even
more. Another incident in December 2015, a drone nearly crashes into a
California Highway Patrol (CHP) helicopter. In similar situation as the above
incident, the CHP helicopter was forced to abandon its mission due to safety reasons
(Calfas 2016, 1). In 2016, a 28-year-old man in New Jersey, was apprehended for
unintentionally crashing his drone into the 40th floor of the Empire State
Building. In February 2016, a GoPro drone burst through a Manhattan woman’s
27th floor window and grounded just feet away from where she was sitting in the
living room. Most recent in March 2017, a drone crashed into a power plant nearby
East River in Brooklyn, causing it to shatter into pieces. ?In July of this
year, a 52-year-old civilian was caught flying his drone 20 feet below a
passenger jet as it was landing at the JFK Airport. Finally, just two months
ago, a civilian drone flying illegally over Staten Island, NY crashed into a
Black Hawk helicopter flown by Fort Bragg soldiers. The helicopter was struck
on the left side of the fuselage. Although there was no severe damage, one blade
was dented in a few areas that requires replacement and a dented window (Furfaro
2017). In early July, the FAA release emails to registered drone owners about
the danger and legal punishment of drones hovering over firefighters and police
operations. However, law enforcement and the FAA said it is presenting
challenge to enforce these regulations since it is difficult to pin point every
drone owner. Still, the FAA receives reports across the United State nearly
every day of drones operating close-by manned aircraft, airports, public and restricted
areas, including the White House (Lederman, 2).

 

Part III: How is the Government Regulating Drone

Federal Aviation Administration
Regulations

4

            The FAA is the division of the
Department of Transportation that oversees regulations to ensure that national
airspace is safe for all aircrafts in U.S. Their duties involve regulating
civil aviation to enhance precautions. Developing and managing procedure to
control and navigate both civil and military aircraft. It was not until 2012
that the government saw drone activity of civilians as a rising concern. Congress
passed a law that ordered the FAA to establish a plan to safely integrate
drones into the national airspace by September 10, 2015 but the FAA failed to achieve
(Cash 2016, 698). As discussed in the drone incidents section, several
incidents had occurred that involved putting people’s life in danger. Their
delay in developing a plan encouraged amateur to purchase drones. Currently,
the rules for civilian operating drone consist of simple regulations as shown
in figure 2. According to the FAA rules for flying drone, pilot certificate is
not required if drone is flying for educational or recreational purposes. The
pilot requirement only applies to commercial and government work. Drone must be
operated 5 miles