John achieve their objectives as they write their

John Smith and William Bradford
are two honorable and successful individuals who achieve their goals through
their means of journey in which they face many obstacles yet create a certain
charisma or persona that help them achieve their objectives as they write their
narratives. Although Captain John Smith and
William Bradford, historians and leaders of their own colonies, Jamestown and
Plymouth, they anticipated to appeal settlers to their colonies through their
writings, the means and as well as style to accomplish their goals different
with their personal beliefs and values. Though both pursued to set
forth an example for the colonists they were alluring, Smith strived to attract
those with bravery, dynamism, and an adventurous attitude while Bradford tried
to appeal to Godly men and women. Both explicitly described the natural
setting of the new land, yet Smith always creates an aura of exploration and
romance while Bradford focuses on the hardships and struggles experienced by
the colonists accompanied by God’s provision. To encourage these different
values and motives, Smith uses elaborate accounts and an ornate style in his
focus on exploration while Bradford employs biblical allusions, events and
simplicity in his God-centered writing. By comparing and contrasting
the works of these individuals, one can view their personas by the idea of
their writing styles, which they create, based on the experiences they have had
throughout their lifetime. These experiences then lets
them continue towards their goals, they also carry a certain persona that other
individuals looked up to as an inspiration along with having different
lifestyles yet achieve the idea of being successful in their ambitions.

Both, John Smith and William Bradford create a particular writing style that is
reflected by the persona that is shaped for their audience to explain their
works and experiences along with forming the image of the American Identity.

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The most revolutionary aspect of
John Smith’s writing is the use of a strong, charismatic persona. 
The character of John Smith can be described as a man of action, who is always
at the forefront of unsettled situations to which Smith either resolves through
discourse or violence.  Smith is portrayed as
having a strong will to survive, having endured starvation and multiple disagreements
with the natives.  Smith’s prominence on his
persona stands out from other early New World travel narratives. 
Setting up a new ideal of colonial adventure and leadership can distinguish
Smith’s persona from those of earlier colonial works because he successfully
manages to capture the imagination of his readers.  His persona is fundamentally
a propagandistic portrayal of the New World hero. Moreover, In John Smith’s
novel, A True Relation, Smith’s
persona starts out very confident, arrogant, and independent in his 1616
Preface. This idea is carried out by his
masculine manner that he uses that to his advantage.

He is trying to relate to the common man. In Smith’s 1622 Preface, Smith
begins to become bitter but complacent with the fact that he will not get to ho
back and lead a colony. He shifts from being prideful
to sarcastic. By 1624, Smith changes to a
more mature attitude and gains the favor of women. He addresses lady Francis
making him the romantic hero, the romantic hero along with his experience
fighting in the colonies. Smith’s 1631 persona shifts
from romantic hero to a knowledgeable and wise father figure.

He develops a high maturity level in which he is more self-aware.

Smith now wants his readers to remember him for what he has done and use it to
help build new colonies in America. John Smith wrote to persuade
people to come to the new world to start a new life.

“My purpose is not to persuade children from their parents, men from their
wives, nor servants from their masters, only such as with free consent may be
spared,” (Smith, 223). This idea states that the only
person he wants to influence to come to America is the ones with free will that
will have a skill of trade or a background to earn an income in the New World.

On the contrary, William
Bradford was an author who wrote about the historical selection of Puritan life.

In writing, admiration and daily living, the Puritans preferred the traditional
and simple. William Bradford wrote in what
is considered the ‘plain style.’ This form of writing was used
by many Puritan authors and was believed to be straightforward and to
the point. The plain style consisted of
simple sentences and language that was used on an everyday basis.

In his works, he breaks down his ideas and beliefs for his readers, for them to
be able to understand. 
It never had specific literary elements or figures of speech; however,
Bradford did include allusions of other English authors, which coincided with
his thoughts about religion and faith. A good example of his ‘plain
and traditional style’ is found in the passage from Bradford’s Of Plymouth
Plantation, “They began now to gather in the small harvest they had, and
to fit up their houses against winter, being all well recovered in health and
strength and had all things in good plenty.” William took this
otherwise exciting story of the Puritans’ first winter and enclosed it all into
one monotonous sentence. Bradford’s word choice or
diction exemplified the ‘plain style’ and that was all the Puritan society
would read or hear for quite some time. In the article, “Contribution
to Early America: Settlers, Natives, and Writing History,” the author further
explains the writing style of William Bradford in which they explain that Bradford is different from some of the other writers from
this time because he wasn’t very courageous or daring. Unlike the colonists, such as John Smith and his association
with the Indians or Christopher Columbus who attended a voyage, didn’t capture
him. He was famous for
being a governor of the Massachusetts Colony. “In his writing, Of Plymouth Plantation Bradford
explains why he left England.

This was strictly for religious reasoning, as the English did not accept
Puritans.

Bradford also explains further about the great things he heard about the New
World as well as the Native people. He state negative thoughts and ideas about the Natives
although he has never met them; saying settlers “should be in continual danger
of the savage people who are cruel, barbarous, and most treacherous being most
furious in their rage and merciless” (Bardford 1622). Even so, Bradford became well known because of his writings. He also becomes legendary for being governor of the Colony and
becoming significant to American history and religious freedom. Though each leader wrote about similar experiences, Smith’s
use of an elaborate and descriptive writing style emphasizes his overall
message that the colonies are a place of anticipation and will define the idea
of being adventurous and a journey. The wise point of view he employs seems to glorify himself
as the original of a colonial settler and it heightens and gives credibility to
his History’s great periods or experiences. Contrariwise, Bradford focuses on God, not himself, and engages
a personally controlled and simplistic view in his writing. “Let them therefor praise the Lord, because He is good and
His mercies endure forever.

Yea, let them which have been redeemed of the Lord, show how He hath delivered
them from the oppressor.

When they wandered in the desert of wilderness out of the way, and found no
city to dwell in, both hungry and thirsty, their soul was overwhelmed in them. Let them confess before the Lord His loving kindness and His
wonderful works before the sons of men.” (Bradford). 
The beliefs and style represented in Captain John Smith and William Bradford
widely distributed works reflected their own beliefs and attitudes. Wanting to attract settlers to their colonies through their
writings, they wrote in such a way as to accomplish this ambition with such
determination. As
an example for the colonists that joined them, Smith attempted to attract those
with courage and an adventurous spirit while Bradford tried to appeal to the
Godly men and women.

While each delivered the sense of an uncultivated setting in the New World,
Smith emphasized the sense of quest and creating relationships while Bradford
focused on the hardships, difficulties, and wisdom experienced by the colonists. Finally, in spite of the fact that each wrote about similar
experiences, Smith uses elaborate descriptions and writing style in his focus
on adventure while Bradford employs biblical allusions and simplicity in his
God-focused writing.

The birth of a new American
nation required early Americans to create a new historical identity, and it
gave them an aspiration to both discover their historical backgrounds and
establish the roles various individuals played in the genesis of their new
collective existence. To create the new
American Identity was important, as they no longer wanted to follow the same
ideals and beliefs as the British. They had to opportunity to create a more
free-spirited identity that would then follow into further generations. Smith
and Bradford envision America and play leadership positions that support
American Identity-which also helps with the idea of American Masculinity. These ideas that
allow a formation of American idea conveys a sense of unity amongst the people. As for John Smith, by
analyzing the repeated development of the insights and uses of Smith,
specifically within the framework of how he is related to American identity,
one will see how the narratives of Smith have continued to be political, traditional,
and social frontlines on which the dialogues of various ideas and interest
groups strive for power over defining American identity. According to The American Dream of Captain John
Smith, written by Leo Lemay, the idea of American identity was first commended
by Smith, who “thoroughly identified with America.”
(Lemay, 53). Lemay also states that Smith planned for
America to become a realm or land of the future that presented an individual
the opportunity to re-create himself  “It
is Captain John Smith,” the author says in his book, “who founded the American
belief in the common man and who devoted his life to the greatest American
Dream – the secular, unselfish, idealistic faith in a better way of life for
the ordinary person.” The author believes that Smith exceeded
viewing America through what was considered the British sight, that a
transformation from an Englishman to an American occurred, and that Smith could
see that “America provided the opportunity for an individual’s standing in
society to be determined by hard work and achievement rather than social
position.” It was important for the colonists and
settlers to refrain from going back to what was considered British Identity.

There were hopes and dream to create a whole other identity, one that did not
simulate to the British roles and beliefs. Lemay describes Smith as one who
models the image of an American, owning in an untainted form, the
characteristics and traits that one believes should be critically accepted and
respected. The author further states that Smith “valued
individuals for their hard work and personal achievements, not for their social
standing,” Smith viewed America as a place for personal change, and Smith’s
writings became the first major vision of the American Dream. The author attributes several American ideals,
such as equality and patriotism, to Smith’s character. It identifies with the character and persona
that Smith creates for himself, being proud and confident in his work and
beliefs and later fulfilling his goals that allows him to feel worthy of his
tasks and create the image of American Identity.  

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