Long ago, many statements and reports have been made
that ISIS is the third branch of al-Qaeda. Despite this, there are
significant differences in the foundations, bases, goals and methods of these
two organizations, the most
important of these will be discussed in this note.
In April 2013, Ab? Bakr al-Baghdadi announced the existence of the Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant. At that time, he said that he did not
recognize the borders and their path was one of “advancement”. which will
be accomplished by creating Islamic caliphate. The
geographical scope of this caliphate is not entirely clear. Although his remarks at this point represent a
final goal, a goal that is
beyond the occupied areas in Iraq and Syria.
If the Islamic State decides to use past patterns, there is a
historical record, such as the Umayyad caliphate, for the vast territory of the
caliphate; For example, the Umayyad caliphate in the 7th and 8th
centuries were the greatest historical effort to form a caliphate, considering
the extent of the borders of the Caliphate from Spain to the west to China in
the east. The boundaries of the Umayyad caliphate are roughly consistent
with images posted by ISIL supporters on the Internet. However, images
submitted by fans do not mean the view of an organization.
In any case, regardless of the images posted on the internet, public
statements and general statements by the ISIL leader and its actions in Syria
and Iraq, all represent the first step in the hope of creating a very large
empire. (Mirror, 30 June 2014)
In the month of Ramadan in 2014, Ab? Bakr al-Baghdadi emphasized that
“when the Muslim will walk everywhere as a master” and that obeying
his advice would enable IS to “conquer Rome and seize the earth.” (Al-Hayat Media Center) Such statements reflect future intentions and ambitions. And members are well aware, that this happens in the future is
uncertain and to succeed one must have patience.
Of course, conquering the land is merely part of the goal pursued by IS. As Ab? Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the so-called ISIS, has stated, the first
priority of jihad is ejecting infidels and apostates. Of course, preserving
society after this issue is in the next priority.
In terms of IS,
the use of force to dominate a large number of people is permissible. In the
group’s view, the use of force is not only permitted against all Shi’a Muslims
(rejectionists), and even Sunni Muslims who are considered collaborators. (Al-Furqan Media
Center, 17 April 2007)
But about al-Qaeda, it must be said, that this group since its creation, saw itself as the vanguard of a broader
movement that was engaged in the jihad. Of course, the ultimate goal of this movement was
not specifically mentioned in the fundamental documents of al-Qaeda.