On student’s education path. Lastly, building onto Diefenbaker’s

On a global spectrum, Canada is
considered one of most-respectable countries. With its stable economy,
abundance of natural resources, cultural and religious diversity, numerous
public services, and governmental structure, the quality of life in Canada is
undoubtedly amongst the best.  Throughout
the years, the Canadian government has developed into a system that provides
liberty, diversity and equality but this progression would have never taken
place had it not been for the leadership of certain Canadian citizens. John
Diefenbaker and Lester B. Pearson can both equally be credited for this
renowned reputation. This essay will illustrate some of the policies of each
politician and explore their durability. In addition, it will address the
determination demonstrated throughout both of their political careers and the
quantity of people they impacted.  

Throughout John Diefenbaker’s
office term he introduced several reforms supporting equality, many of which
influenced modern-day Canadian law and policies. By creating the Canadian Bill
of Rights in 1960, he was the first Prime Minister to recognize fundamental
human rights in a federal statute. Now Canadian citizens enjoy the freedom and
national democracy from the similar Charter of Rights and Freedom. Additionally,
Diefenbaker focused on the injustice surrounding the First Peoples. He was the
first to promote federal Aboriginal leadership by appointing James Gladstone,
the first Aboriginal Senate. Together they granted the Aboriginal people the right
to vote without having to abandon their status under the Indian Act. As a
result, Aboriginal people gained more political recognition. Currently, there
are numerous Aboriginal activists groups including the Congress of Aboriginal
People representing non-status and Metis First Nations across the country. He
also supported women in politics by assigning Ellen Fairclough, the first
female minister. Together they adjusted immigration policies by introducing
sponsorships and lifting quotas, thus promoting diversity. Today, Canada takes
much pride in its multiculturalism and benefits from immigrant aid in
international relations. 

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Lester. B. Pearson’s influence
can equally be seen in present society as well. The elderly Canadian population
continue to avail from the Canadian Pension Plan, created by Pearson. This
reform reduces financial stress and is being improved to include more even aid.
Additionally, Pearson implemented the current Student loan program, providing
post-secondary students with sufficient financial assistance. As a result,
low-income isn’t as great of an impediment in a student’s education path. Lastly,
building onto Diefenbaker’s immigration policies, Pearson created the
point-system, the world’s first discrimination free immigration structure. The current
Canadian immigration system is based on this to encourage strong candidates
with proficient language abilities, work experience and education that can contribute
to the Canadian economy as well as individuals seeking shelter from harmful
living conditions. Both Diefenbaker and Pearson’s reforms and ideologies have
been proven durable as Canadian society continues to benefit from them today.

Despite, Diefenbaker’s and
Pearson’s contrasting personalities they shared the same political
determination. Diefenbaker encountered failure early onto his political
endeavour after 2 consecutive loses for MP in 1925 and 1926. Rather than
returning to his steady job as a lawyer, Diefenbaker persisted through numerous
defeats. Finally in 1936 he led the Saskatchewan Conservative party only to win
0 seats in the 1938 election. In spite of the hindrances, he was finally
elected as Conservative Member of Parliament in 1940. Diefenbaker had many
opportunities to end his political career but his determination to serve as a
leader and contribute to society brought him to the position as Prime Minister
in 1957. In office, he was determined to establish equality, change society’s
perception on minority groups and encourage their activism by appointing a more
distinct cabinet including an Aboriginal Senate, a female and Ukrainian
minister and introducing new reforms such as the Canadian Bill of Rights to
reflect his beliefs.

Similar to Diefenbaker, Lester. B
Pearson also exhibited determination on numerous occasions. During the Suez
Crisis, Pearson, the then Foreign Minister proposed the concept of peacekeeping
missions to neutralize the border between Egypt and Israel. Eventually after
countless debates the UN accepted his pitch. Had it not been for Pearson’s
strong will, perhaps modern peacekeeping would have ceased to exist and Canada
would have never been credited with such a remarkable invention. However, many
would consider the root of Pearson’s determination to be his envy for former
Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. After Diefenbaker was elected Prime Minister
in 1958, Pearson, the leader of opposition as well as the Social Credit members
of parliament continuously denounced Diefenbaker’s authority. Their harsh
critic on various policies including grounding the Avro Arrow ultimately brought
his government down to a minority (116 out of 265 seats). Additionally, during
the flag dispute, Pearson’s determination to eradicate any symbol of colonial
ties with Britain caused much controversy amongst the Conservatives. After several
months of contention, Pearson’s persistence served him right as his idea was
implemented, thus creating the modern Canadian flag. The overall determination
demonstrated by Lester B. Pearson and John Diefenbaker helped to accelerate
them both in their respective political careers.

During their time as Prime
Minister, John Diefenbaker and Lester B. Pearson influenced a large quantity of
Canadian citizens. On April 1957 John Diefenbaker authorized the Hospital
Insurance and Diagnostic Act. Through this reform, patients were responsible
for only a lowered general fee while the federal government regulated on
average 50% of medical costs in majority of health institutions. The
adjustment, relived the financial burden for many who belonged to low or middle
class families. However, his monetary decisions for the nation particularly in
1962 were not favoured by civilians as they tolerated the repercussions of the
ailing economy. When Diefenbaker halted the progress of the Avro Arrow project,
over 14,000 employees in the aircraft industry were laid off in preference to
American Bormac missiles. Families without a steady income experienced
difficulties with managing utility payments and general bills.  Additionally, in May 1962 Diefenbaker lowered
the exchange rate for the Canadian dollar to US $ 0.925  causing a rise in the costs of living in
Canada as prices for domestic products and services inflated to meet with
previous sales.

Likewise, Lester b. Pearson’s
leadership impacted many Canadians across the country.  In 1966, alongside New Democratic Party
leader Tommy Douglass, Pearson developed Diefenbaker’s Hospital Insurance and
Diagnostic Act by implementing the Medicare Act, providing federal payment of
nearly 50% of medical fees as well as universal insurance plans. Consequently,
public healthcare become more readily available as there was greater financial
security for citizens. Furthermore, Pearson helped stabilize the Canadian economy
through the creation of the Auto Pact in 1965. By eliminating tariffs in the
auto industry, employment increased by 27% between 1965-67 as well as ensured
job protection. Other businesses also benefitted from the salary growth as
people could afford more supplementary products and services. Lastly, Pearson
was a strong advocate for the large French-speaking portion of the population.
By introducing the Royal Commission on Biculturalism and Bilingualism on July
19, 1963, Pearson recognized the negligence of the French language. He also
endorsed French political involvement by appointing 3 French activists, Jean
Marchand, Gerard Pelletier and his successor Pierre Elliot Trudeau. This
provided an outlet for the French-Canadians to voice their concerns and opinions.
Both Lester. B. Pearson and John Diefenbaker’s leadership affected a
significant quantity of citizens.

In conclusion, Lester B. Pearson
and John Diefenbaker equally contributed to Canadian society. The durability of
both their policies, the determination demonstrated throughout their respective
political careers and the large quantities of people they influenced altogether
mark them both as strong Canadian leaders. The dedication needed to govern a
country is not a quality any citizen is born with but rather developed
overtime. Canada has been fortunate enough to experience numerous changes in
the past decades as a result of the influence of effective leaders like John
Diefenbaker and Lester Pearson. Canada as a whole would have not been the
honourable nation it is today without citizens like them. Exceeding
economically, politically, governmentally and socially Canadian progression
continues today, improving the quality of life in Canada.  





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