Organizational Behavior is the study of relations
between group of people and organizations, for people in the organizations and
the organizations themselves. It is a systematic study of the actions and
attitudes that individuals exhibit within the organizations. It is basically
how the organizations interact with different types of people and various
different organizations. The basic attempt is to come into an efficient
conclusion related with this study. In any form of business, Organizational
behavior is used to understand what type of individuals are going to succeed in
the business and what type of
individuals are going to suffer. It is studied to create more efficiency
in the business organizations.
of Organizational Behavior
behavior needs to be understood, in order to have a successful business with a
motivated and dedicated workforce.
A positive change can be fostered in the workplace by using various types of
practices that shall be carried out by the managers to monitor organizational
behavior. These practices may include requesting feedback, thinking as a group,
in-depth planning and using various tools to measure the change.
Organizational behavior uses scientific researches to help understand and
predict the organizational life and also influences organizational events.
It helps an individual understand himself/herself and others in a convenient
manner. A manager in a business establishment is concerned with getting things
done through delegation.
It helps in enhancing leadership skills and thereby increasing an individual’s
managerial skills and capability of doing the work in the best possible way.
of Organizational Behavior
The most important aspect of organizational behavior in today’s business world
is that it is an essential tool for managing effective groups and it helps
understanding and predicting human behavior in organizations.
helps the managers of the organizations to motivate their employees to bring up
good organizational performance, by applying appropriate motivational
techniques and tools according to the nature of the employees.
helps in understanding employees and organization in a better manner, helps in
developing friendly relationship with each other by creating a proper working
most commonly helps in improving the industrial relations, by understanding the
root-source of the problem, predicting its future course of action and control
down its negative consequences.
It helps in effective utilization of human resources through helping the
managers to manage individuals effectively in the organizations. It enables the
managers to motivate and inspire the employees towards higher productivity as
they are enable to analyze the nature and behavior of their employees.
Need hierarchy theory of Motivation
Dr. Abraham Maslow, a clinical psychologist
formulated a widely accepted theory of
human motivation based on the human needs. According to his theory, individuals
first satisfy their lower level needs and then the higher level of needs.
He identified five levels in his need hierarchy as
shown in the figure above:
Physiological Needs:-These needs are the needs which are
basic to the human life which includes food, clothing, shelter etc. These needs
are to be met first at least partly for the maintenance of human life.
These needs are the needs which which finds expressions in such desires as
protection from physical dangers and economic security.
Social Needs:- These needs are the needs which tend to
affiliate being a part of a group like families, friends, relatives etc. Thus,
humans are interested in social interactions, companionship, belongingness etc.
Esteem Needs:- These needs are the needs which refers
to self-respect and self-esteem. They include such needs which indicates
achievement, self-confidence, competence knowledge and independence.
Self-Actualization Needs:-These needs are the needs which
represents the end of all the lower, intermediate and higher needs of human
Theory X and Theory Y
These two theories are basically for
human motivation which were developed and later introduced by Douglas McGregor.
These two theories describe contrasting models of workforce which applies motivation
by the managers in Human resource management, Organizational behavior,
Organizational communication and organizational development as well. According
to these two different models, they show how workers are motivated from the
bases of these two managerial styles. It shows the 2 different views of
individuals: one which is negative, called as Theory X and the other one is
positive called as Theory Y. According to him, theory Y is to be more valid and
reasonable than the Theory X.