What to the CEO of a company. Leaders

What is leadership? Leadership can
sometimes be difficult to define and it also can mean different things to
different people. A leader is a person who directs and inspires others within
an association or community to achieve a goal. Leadership growth begins with
the simple understanding that you want to be a leader. When I think of what a leader
means to, I think of someone who has the map and is leading everyone else to
the right destination. A leader is someone who motivates other and inspires to
keep their eye focused at the end of the goal. To me a leader is also a coach
who leads his team to victory, just like in a sports game. Leaders come in all
shapes and sizes. Leaders can mean anyone, from political leaders, teachers, to
the CEO of a company. Leaders are the ones who help their followers lead to
success and do the right thing. To be a leader, you must have the mindset of a
leader, and ready to hit bumps in the road and be quick to overcome those
obstacles, for yourself and the followers. In the book Leadership a communication perspective it defines what a leader
means and one thing that really stood out to me was “wherever society exists,
leadership exists” on page 2. I agree that without leaders our society would be
total chaos. No one would know what to do politically, business wise our
economy would be so horrible, etc. Without leaders in our society, people would
go where they want too, do what they want too. A leader’s task is to overcome
opposition and make things flow in a different but better direction. The
leader’s job is to create a different realism.

The nature of
human communication

In the nature
of human communication we learn the communication is very vital for leadership.
Leadership and communication go hand in hand. On page 5 in the textbook leadership a communication perspective it
says that “Words are not the only symbols
we use; we attach arbitrary meanings to many nonverbal behaviors as well.
Looking someone in the eye symbolizes honesty to many North Americans. However,
making direct eye contact in some other cultures in considered an invasion of
privacy. Meaning is generated through communication.” We recognize the transfer
of symbols which allows us to understand and create meaning for words. Symbols are different forms of words,
sounds, gestures, ideas or visual images and are used to send ideas and beliefs.
“The goal of communication is to create a shared reality between message
sources and receivers.”  In the textbook,
we are given an example with wolves and how they normal like to travel in small
packs. The dominance is already predetermined based on such appearance such as
size, the wolf’s physical strength and aggressiveness whereas humans it’s a
little different. We don’t go off of appearance, its determined differently with
each situation but usually the leader is chosen off of experience and achieved
goals.

Communication skills and leadership go hand in hand.
In order to lead a group and effect their accomplishment of specific goals, the
leader must be skilled in communicating among his peers. This may true in the
healthcare industry. A leader who lacks good communication skills is incapable
to uphold solidarity between their staff, due to confusion and poor
communication. The results can be failed goals which can lead to a patient
losing his or her life. Leadership in healthcare is vital not because of organization,
but also its staff, patients and visitors. Having self-knowledge and structural
knowledge are main characteristics of a excellent leader.

The leader/follower relationship

Leaders and followers work together collaboratively;
they work together towards common projects. Usually leaders are the ones who get
more credit if something turns out to be successful, but in realization, they would
not have done it without the help of all the group members. Shifting some of
the spotlight from leadership to followership in one way to assure that
followers get the credit they deserve, and this shift appears to taking place. In
shared leadership, group and organizational members share the responsibility for
achieving collective goals. There are two ways this can be handled. The first
option could be that two individuals share one leadership position or the
second option could be that the whole group takes turns in the leadership position.
Leaders exert a greater degree of influence and take more responsibility for
the overall direction of the group. Followers, on the other hand, are more
involved in implementing plans and carrying out the work. Most people routinely
shift between leader and follower functions during the course of the day. So,
followers play an active, vital role in the success of any group, organization,
or society. 

The first chapter in Leadership a communication
perspective gives great tips and ideas on how to be a great leader. To achieve
your goals as a leader, you will have to learn how to manage the impressions
others have of you. Everyone is going to have different judgments of you and if
you just stay focused on the failure, you will obviously fail as a leader. In
Chapter two of the textbook we learn the dimensions of leadership communication
style. Leaders are supposed to create a friendly and positive environment where
you can feel comfortable and safe to work.

Authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership

Leadership communication is the way you are interacted
with your leader. You may think about a past boss who you really enjoyed
working with and how well you both got along, they created a productive and
satisfying work climate. “Leadership communication style is a relatively
enduring set of communicative behaviors in which a leader engages when
interacting with followers” Page 38. Every Leader is different and each leader
portrays different communication behaviors. Kurt lewin, Ronald lippitt and
ralph white are researchers who started an early investigation of leadership
communication style. They studied different styles such as authoritarian,
democratic, and laissez-faire leadership communication styles on group
outcomes. Each style has different features that affect how leaders interact
with followers. Authoritarian leaders are usually very strict and control over
the follower. A lot of the authoritarian leaders believe that the followers
would fail without direct supervision all the time. The authoritarian feels
that people left to complete work on their own will end up being unproductive.
Examples of a authoritarian leader could be a police officer directing traffic,
a teacher keep telling his student to complete their assignment or a supervisor
telling their worker to clean their work station. A democratic leader is a
leader who agrees to engage in understanding communication that enables
interaction between leaders and followers. The leader who takes on the
democratic style of communication likes involvement and participation in the
determination of goals and dealings. These types of leaders usually assume that
followers are capable to follow instructions and make their own decisions.
Suggestions are always welcome and the leader never feels belittled when a
follower proposes another idea. “Two heads are better than one” is usually a
democratic leader. An example of this type of leaders could be a teacher asking
her students to suggest a due date that would work best for all of them. The
laissez-faire type of leadership is sometimes called the “nonleadership” by
some. Laissez-faire is a French word that means “leave them alone”. These types
of leaders back out from followers and give little to one guidance and support.
As a result of these, productivity, communication and satisfaction are very
poor. A leader who is near retirement or about to be laid off usually becomes
this type of leader. An example of a laissez-faire leader could be a teacher
allowing her students to create their own assignments and not even check their
work.

Tasks and interpersonal leadership

Task
and interpersonal model is very closely related to the authoritarian,
democratic, and laissez-faire type of leadership. Many groups of researchers
have worked to identify and label the early scopes of communication. The
researchers used different types of methods and techniques but came to similar
conclusions. Task-oriented communication has been mentioned as production
oriented, initiating structure, theory X management and concern for production.
Whereas interpersonal oriented communication has been named, employee oriented
consideration, theory Y management and concern for people. Leadership comes
down to two main ingredients which are work that needs to done and people who
do the work. Without the main ingredients, leadership cannot exist.

In
Conclusion, Leadership is very important in all types of settings in society.
Without Leadership and all the details that go with it, our lives would be
total chaos. There will always be good leaders and bad leaders you bump into
your life who can always teach you lessons. There are many things that make a
good leader. Good leaders wants to have good communication skills with their
followers and are likely to practice patience and give better instructions
before making any judgments. Leadership is about being ready to lead people by
taking proper action.